Below you can learn more about jute including where it grows, how jute is produced and processed, the impact on the environment and a general history of jute.
Natural Structure - Jute
Jute has earned the title 'The Golden Fibre' thanks to its natural lustre that remains even after processing. From the Corchorus genus of plant species, Jute is a long, soft vegetable fibre that is surprisingly strong and has an inherent anti-static quality that makes it easier to work with.
A tropical plant in essence, Jute thrives in hot, humid conditions and in soils that have high levels of sand and clay. It is little wonder then, that the Ganges River Delta is at the centre of global Jute production. This area also encounters heavy rainfall during the monsoon season that further benefits Jute growth and the reliability of a good crop.
There are two key varieties of jute that are grown commercially, with a marked difference between them.
White Jute as its name suggests, is lighter in appearance than its counterpart, Tossa Jute, whose fibres are noticeably softer, silkier and stronger.
Jute is often considered the world's second most important vegetable fibre, second only to cotton. The finest Jute is grown on the Indian Subcontinent with India and Bangladesh the major global exporters of both Jute fibre and woven Jute products.
The extraction on preparation of jute fibre involves the traditional method of retting. During this simple, yet skilled process, jute fibre is loosened with wooden mallets before being carefully washed and dried in the sun. The dried jute fibres are then graded by quality before being baled and sent to manufacturers ready for weaving into jute rugs.
Various grades of jute are used according to their quality and individual properties. Lower grade jute is often utilised as soft, protective packaging in situations where jute natural breathability is a key attribute. Jute is also used for making ropes, agricultural textiles, foods and even medicines
The most appealing application for high quality jute, however, must surely be in the production of rugs and other furnishings, where its strength and subtle iridescent shine sets it apart from the crowd.
Jute is 100% bio-degradable and is often considered to be one of the most environmentally friendly crops as it has so many uses, thus reducing the impact on other, less sustainable natural resources.
History of Jute
Jute has a cultural heritage that stretches back hundreds of years and plays a key role in the economic development of vast areas of Southern Asia as producers meet the demands of their competitive internal and export markets.
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